Author Archives: Tom

Iodotyrosine Deiodinase

Iodotyrosine deiodinase is an enzyme that is encoded to the IYD gene of humans. Iodotyrosine deiodinase helps scavenge iodine by removing it from iodinated tyrosines, after these are produced when thyroid hormones that have been broken down as metabolites from their double-tyrosine residue structure. Unlike the other deiodinases (the iodoTHyronine deiodinases), that remove iodine only

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Potassium Iodide

Potassium iodide is a salt, similar to table salt. Its chemical symbol is KI. It is routinely added to table salt to make it “iodized.” Potassium iodide, if taken in time and at the appropriate dosage, blocks the thyroid gland’s uptake of radioactive iodine and thus could reduce the risk of thyroid cancers and other

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Astaxanthin ATX

Astaxanthin (ATX) is a powerful antioxidant that occurs naturally in a wide variety of living organisms. Previous studies have shown that ATX has effects of eliminating oxygen free radicals and can protect organs from ischemia/reperfusion (IR) induced injury. Source: National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine

Pyrroloquinoline-quinone PQQ

Pyrroloquinoline-quinone (PQQ) is a novel biofactor for which a proposition can be made for physiological importance. PQQ was first recognized as an enzyme cofactor in bacteria and is tentatively identified as a component of interstellar dust. Meaning PQQ may have been present throughout early biological conception. PQQ is a potent plant growth factor. PQQ is

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3, 5 Diiodo-L Thryronine

The effect of thyroid hormones on metabolism has long supported their potential as drugs to stimulate fat loss, but the following induction of a thyrotoxic state has greatly limited their use. 3,5-diiodo-L-thyronine, also known as T2, is a naturally occurring iodothyronine deiodinase. Iodothyronine deiodinases are a subfamily of deiodinase enzymes important in the activation and

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Selenium

Selenium is a trace element that is naturally present in many foods, added to others and available as a dietary supplement. Selenium, which is nutritionally essential for humans, is a constituent of more than two dozen selenoproteins that play critical roles in reproduction, thyroid hormone metabolism, DNA synthesis and protection from oxidative damage and infection.

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Somatostatin

Somatostatin is a hormone that inhibits the release of insulin and glucagon from the pancreas, inhibits growth hormone release from the pituitary and reduces gastric secretions. The half-life in plasma of native somatostatin is less than 3 minutes. It is rapidly degraded by peptidases. As a consequence, somatostatin analogs with improved bioavailability, as well as

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Garcinia Cambogia

Hydroxycitric acid (HCA), is a derivative of citric acid and is found primarily in a small, sweet, purple fruit called the Malabar tamarind or, more commonly known as, the Garcinia Cambogia. Test tube and animal research suggests that HCA supplementation may be helpful in weight loss because of its effects on metabolism; however, studies in

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